Alcohol abuse and addiction exact a high toll on American society, with specialized treatment often needed to help people get sober and recover. Detox, rehabilitation and relapse prevention measures all play an important role during alcohol rehab. Medication therapies and behavior therapies are also used to treat different aspects of the problem. At Alcohol Rehab Centers Buffalo, we specialize in treating a wide variety of substance addiction problems. To learn more about your options for alcohol rehab, call our addiction specialists at (716) 262-3086.
Alcoholism is recognized medically as alcohol use disorder, a broad classification used to describe both abuse and dependence. While abuse is defined by the compulsive consumption of alcoholic beverages despite negative consequences, dependence is associated with tolerance and a withdrawal syndrome upon discontinuation. Addiction causes a number of problems, both to individual drinkers and wider society. In order to break the bonds of dependence, medical detox is often required along with rehab and aftercare support.
Alcohol use disorder is recognized medically when at least two of the following symptoms manifest over a single year-long period: tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, social problems due to drinking, health problems due to drinking, extensive drinking over a long time period, persistent cravings, significant time spent involved thinking about the drug, not looking after responsibilities because of it, not able to cut down consumption levels, drinking in risky situations, and giving up recreational and social activities because of alcohol. The severity of the problem is measured as mild, moderate or severe depending on the number of criteria met.
People living with a drinking problem often go to extreme lengths to hide their alcohol use from friends and family, with guilt, secretive behavior, denial, and lying all signs of a drinking problem. A formal intervention is often needed before someone will admit the existence or extent of their problem, with a number of approaches possible. Direct intervention involves a confrontation between loved ones and the affected person, sometimes with the help of an intervention counselor. Indirect intervention involves a counselor working closely with a co-dependent family to encourage them to get help for the affected person. The Systemic Family Model of intervention and ARISE model of intervention are two of the most popular models in use today, with the ARISE model likely to utilize an invitational approach and the Systematic Family model using more direct methods.
A medical detox period is recommended for physical addictions, with medications and medical support staff on hand to assist the process. Benzodiazepine drugs like Serax and Valium are often used to alleviate withdrawal symptoms, with other drugs used for alcoholism including naltrexone, acamprosate, and disulfiram. There are three phases involved in a medical detox regime: evaluation, stabilization, and consultation. The first phase involves physical and mental tests prior to medication, the second phase normally involves medication, and the last phase directs patients towards appropriate rehabilitation and aftercare programs. While a medical detox period is not always necessary to treat alcohol abuse or psychological dependence cases, detox can be still be an effective way to enable discontinuation.
A range of behavior therapy models are used during alcoholism treatment, including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), family therapy, 12-step support groups, contingency management, and motivational interviewing. Each of these treatment modalities looks at the problem of abuse and addiction in a different way, with relapse prevention programs also advised following formal treatment.