Drug treatment is a large and varied field, with residential treatment available alongside outpatient and aftercare support. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), drug treatment should include medical detox, medication treatment when needed, behavioral therapy, and relapse prevention. Behavioral therapy is typically initiated during drug rehab, with long-term medication therapies also applied during this phase of treatment. Drug rehab is a broad term used to describe a range of recovery programs, most of which take place after the detox period. While detox enables the cessation of drug use, drug rehab addresses the environmental, cognitive and emotional precedents of abuse and addiction. To learn more about your options for drug rehab at Buffalo Drug Treatment Centers, call (716) 262-3086.
An addiction is defined by the compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli despite the existence of negative consequences. A wide range of psychoactive substances are capable of causing addiction, with some drugs associated with a physical withdrawal syndrome and others associated with a psychological withdrawal syndrome. Behavioral addictions are also possible, with common examples including sex addiction, gambling addiction, food addiction, and exercise addiction. Addictions are both positively reinforcing and intrinsically rewarding, with people seeking repeated exposure to particular substances or behaviors after they activate specific reward pathways in the brain.
Physical dependence is associated with tolerance and a persistent physical-somatic withdrawal syndrome when drug use is stopped or dramatically reduced. Drugs that cause physical addiction include alcohol, heroin, prescription opioids like morphine and oxycodone, barbiturates, and benzodiazepines like Valium and Xanax. Physical drug addiction can occur in two major ways, with some people slowly becoming addicted to drugs after a long time of psychiatric use and others abusing drugs on purpose for recreational reasons. Physical dependence creates a number of health and social problems, with detox and rehab treatment generally recommended to break the bonds of addiction. Medication treatment is often used to treat physical dependence problems, with drugs taken to reduce withdrawal symptoms and reduce the potential for relapse.
Psychological dependence is associated with tolerance and an emotional-motivational withdrawal syndrome upon discontinuation. Common withdrawal symptoms include anxiety, depression, mental confusion, lack of motivation, and intense drug cravings. Psychological dependence is a result of psychological reinforcement, a form of operant conditioning that links rewarding drug-taking behavior with cravings in a feedback-like fashion. Examples of drugs that cause psychological dependence include marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, prescription stimulants, MDMA and many more. While extensive medication regimes are not typically used to treat psychological addictions, behavior therapy and relapse prevention are always recommended.
Before enrolling in drug rehab, it’s important to decide between residential and outpatient treatment. Residential treatment is available as short-form or long-form programs, with patient living at the treatment facility for the duration of the program. This type of treatment is recommended for people living with physical addictions and anyone with a past history of drug use. It is much easier to access medications during residential care, with around-the-clock access to medical staff also at hand.
Outpatient treatment is a less intensive option, with patients living at their regular address and attending meetings on a regular basis. Depending on the substance and extent of addiction, treatment sessions may be held every day, a few times a week, or once a week. While medications are often available during outpatient programs, some opioid drugs are restricted.