Drug abuse and addiction are complex problems not easily solved, with a number of elements needing to come together to ensure success. Comprehensive drug treatment includes detox, rehab and aftercare, with each of these elements crucial to the overall treatment process. While detox enables the cessation of drug use in a safe and supportive setting, it does not address the underlying reasons surrounding addiction. Rehab and aftercare are always recommended, with a range of different recovery programs initiated along the way. Typical recovery programs used in drug treatment include family therapy, art therapy, music therapy, moral reconation therapy, motivational enhancement therapy, 12-step support programs and many more. Learn more about your options for treatment at Drug Treatment Centers Buffalo by dialing (716) 262-3086.
Most recovery programs are based on either pharmacotherapy or psychotherapy principles, with medications particularly relevant for physical drug addictions. Pharmacotherapy programs include opioid replacement therapy and benzodiazepine therapy, with the former used to treat heroin addiction and the later used to treat alcoholism and benzo dependence. When benzos are taken in this context, a gradual dose reduction is normally applied over a period of weeks or months. While medications are mostly used to treat physical drug addictions, psychotherapy programs have a wider focus. Typical psychotherapy programs include cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational incentives, motivational interviewing, family therapy, 12-step facilitation, individual counseling and many more. Recovery programs are also administered during aftercare, with relapse prevention the dominant treatment paradigm.
MI is a counseling approach often used to treat substance use disorders. Originally developed to treat alcoholics, MI is now used to treat a range of substance abuse and dependence problems. This form of therapy offers a goal-oriented and client-centered counseling style, with therapists helping clients to engage their intrinsic motivation and make changes from the inside-out. By learning how to resolve their ambivalence and recognize problematic cognitive habits, clients can learn how to avoid impulsive and compulsive behavioral responses. MI practitioners pride themselves on using a non-judgmental, non-confrontational and non-adversarial approach, with the therapist-client relationship approached as a partnership. There are four general processes used during MI to achieve its healthy behavioral changes: engaging, focusing, evoking, and planning.
Contingency management offers an alternative approach to that of other behavioral programs, most of which focus on the precedents of unhealthy behavior. Contingency management systems look at the consequences of drug taking rather than the precursors, with clients able to earn tokens or vouchers as a reward for abstinence and other positive behaviors. Motivational incentives is a particular implementation of this approach, with other systems available from treatment centers and non-profit support groups. While Contingency management systems do little to address the issues surrounding addiction, they use the power of positive reinforcement to help clients make positive lifestyle changes.
12-step support groups fulfill an important role during recovery, with these programs providing guidelines and support to people in their time of need. While Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is the most well-known example of this approach, other groups are also available including Narcotics Anonymous (NA), Pills Anonymous, Crystal Meth Anonymous, Marijuana Anonymous and many more. According to the American Psychological Association, the entire 12-step approach can be summarized in these few key points: admitting a lack of control over your addiction, recognizing a higher power, examining past errors, making amends for those mistakes, living with a new code of behavior, and helping others who are suffering a similar affliction.